Published: 20/06/2012

A significant number of members of society do not realize that health service, education and access to work are basic rights the state should provide for. The state as a public instrument has the authority and obligation to fulfill basic rights. The state is authorized to formulate budget for the public through government or private programs.

In reality, the government’s budget and programs have yet to fulfill those basic rights. The problem, in this case, is gender bias in public policy. Public policies, which fulfill basic rights, will affect the welfare improvement of poor people, including women as the most vulnerable group.


Based on a series of researches of WRI, education, health and access to work are some basic rights deemed the most important because the interconnectedness of the three basic rights could influence poor people, particularly women, to transform their productive assets to improve their welfare. It is important to assess health service because regional autonomy policies tend not to favor the poor.


For example, the policy to raise the health service’ fees in Community Health Service deliver negative impacts to women from poor families as the most economically vulnerable group. Their access to health service in general and reproductive health service in particular become lower.

The assessment of health service was done to identity various problems faced by poor women in accessing and utilizing health service. The problem relates closely to the health facilities and service, families and other social cultural problems. It is necessary to improve health facilities to provide sufficient access, utilization and service quality for women. Public policies for the fulfillment of basic rights will bring positive influence to attempts to improve the welfare of poor people, including women as the most vulnerable group. ***